Preliterate Societies

SpacerCave PaintingNext button
This surbversive rock carving was discovered in a cave in northern Turkey in 1954. Although there were no bosses as we know them in 14,000 BC, the conflict between managerial figures and subordinates was already well established. In this drawing, a disgruntled member of the tribe depicts his chieftain being defecated on by a large bird.